Liver – undeniably a pivotal part of the human body. The organ plays a functional role, vital to maintaining flourishing health. Need a little insight on how the liver functions? Well, to begin with, everything you gulp down is not a 100% pure and toxin free. Any form of contamination affects the digestive system too. These toxic substances might also fissure out into the bloodstream and cause more damage than you can imagine. The liver comes into big play here. It effectively filters out the harmful substances and keeps the human body free from baneful toxicity.
Calling it a storehouse of essential nutrients wouldn’t be incorrect. From vitamins to proteins and minerals, the liver stocks all good nutrients. The little but one of the most crucial organs, located right below the ribcage functions using tons of enzymes. These enzymes help wrap up essential chemical processes in the body without any hassle. It purifies the blood by warding off toxins. The liver secretes enzymes like the bile, contributing to smoother digestion. It plays a big-league role in controlling urine flow. Lastly, it works wonders in nipping chances of blood clotting. Much has been discussed about the role of the liver. It is now time to focus on how conditions like elevated liver enzymes pop up.
What is elevated liver enzyme all about?
The liver produces thousands of enzymes, the most common ones being alanine transaminase enzymes (ALT) and aspartate transaminase enzymes (AST). Together, these enzymes are reckoned as transaminases. The organ is also responsible in secreting a set of cholestatic enzymes. These include gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase. The following enzymes teamed with other enzymes are responsible for amping up biochemical processes and metabolic processes in the body. Under circumstances where the liver is damaged or is affected by a disease, it perforates and causes leakage of enzymes into the bloodstream. There’s ample of reasons contributing to a hike of liver enzymes. Let’s a grab a quick look at these causes.
What are the causes of elevated liver enzymes?
- Maladies like hepatitis A, B, and C.
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver condition – It is an umbrella term referring to a range of liver disorders popping up in people who never or rarely consume alcohol. The condition implies too much of fat stacked up in the liver cells. This causes grisly impacts like inflammation. At its worst, it might also lead to cirrhosis and liver failure.
- Too much of alcohol abuse.
- Side-effects of medications, particularly anti-seizure drugs and pain relievers.
- Obesity and fatty liver.
- After effects of autoimmune diseases and infections.
- Alcoholic hepatitis.
- Hemochromatosis – The condition chiefly highlights the ill effects of surplus iron stored in the system.
- Thyroid disorders.
- Wilson’s Disease – This disease shoots up when there’s too much copper stored in the body.
- Celiac Disorder – A condition wherein damages are caused in the small intestine due to the gluten.
- Polymyositis – Referring it as an inflammatory disease is appropriate. However, the worst impact it casts is muscle weakness.
How to reckon if your liver is stressed or damaged?
Here’s a list of symptoms you must keep tabs on to analyze whether the ratio of liver enzymes is good or not. Bear in mind, these symptoms are not always obvious and can vary for individuals.
- A feeling of nausea.
- The skin and eyes might turn pale and yellowish, also indicating jaundice.
- Drinking in lots of water fails to help. The color of urine is densely dark.
- Development of fatty liver.
- Hepatitis and other severe conditions show up, including cirrhosis in severe cases.
- A stingy feel in the lower right side of the chest.
- Brown patches pop up in the skin.
In a nutshell, it can be concluded that elevated enzyme levels cast a horrible effect in the body.
Way’s to cut-back spiked enzyme levels:
To begin with, one must be particularly careful about what to drink in and chow down. Remember, every product you consume is churned and worked out for digestion by the liver. So, anything harmful that goes in impairs the organ by large. To fruitfully reverse liver damage, it is imperative to undergo proper diagnosis. Of course, liver function tests are prescribed and this should be continued until the enzyme levels scale down. Jotted below are some promising ways to quicken abatement of enzyme levels in the body. These include:
- Eat more of organic fresh fruits and vegetables. These are super-rich in antioxidants, working wonders in cutting-down the ratio of toxins in the body.
- Try and say ‘NO’ to over-the-counter drugs, particularly the ones not recommended by doctors.
- Pain relievers like aspirin and ibuprofen too can damage the liver. To avail the best, consult a doctor and learn about an alternative to popular painkillers.
- Stay clear from toxins as much as possible. It is difficult though, considering that pollution is everywhere. From the smoke of cigarettes to chemicals and burnt rubber, pollutants are on a rising spray. Try and avoid inhaling such air as it damages the liver.
- Stop consuming alcohol if you are yearning for a quick recovery. Whether you are drinking a glass of wine, some other strong liquor or just beer, remember, the liver fails to distinguish the forms of alcohol. Liver damage is an imperative outcome if alcohol is consumed often.
- Coenzyme Q10 and vitamin B12 work wonders in sprucing up damaged cells in the body. However, an approval from a certified doctor is a must before resorting to these options.
- Go herbal as these are great alternatives, compared to drugs. Even then, it is mandatory to consult with a dietician first. For instance, dandelion is a great option. It detoxifies the body and works on building a healthier liver for better functioning. Working wonders quite alike is milk thistle – a herb that protects the organ naturally.
- Some workout every day is good. An active body helps stay clear from diseases. Moreover, you can avoid being obese, a potential cause of spiking up liver enzymes. Something simple as brisk walk spruces up blood circulation and helps the liver function better.
- Quit chowing down fatty junk food.
- Damage is ruled out only when new cells are regenerated in the organ. To ease the process, it is imperative to take good rest and quality sleep.
- One of the most significant ways to better-up liver conditions require you to drink good amounts of water every-day.
How long does it take to scale down liver enzymes?
Much depends on the severity of the condition. If a proper diet is monitored paired with medications that are prescribed, you might as well kiss goodbye to elevated liver enzymes in a span of 4-8 weeks. If severity strikes, however, and the organ is damaged by large, the time is taken to restore conditions could increase to a few months.
Do not delay in treating elevated liver enzymes. This might lead to the very cataclysmic liver cancer.