All You Need To Know About Wrist Sprain

0
625
Hand of a person who suffers from sprained wrist

Overview

The wrist consists of small joints that connect the hand to the rest of the body, and for mobilization of the hand, the wrist plays an important role and can sometimes be overused or injured.

The wrist pain is sometimes associated with degenerative diseases, infection, and inflammation. When pain is felt on the wrist, it can affect the person’s life and can hinder them to do their usual activities like writing, drawing or even just carrying a light bag.

One of the most common conditions that can affect the wrist is a sprained wrist. A wrist sprain is a common injury for many athletes and other individuals. Falls are the usual causes of a sprained wrist because as you fall or slip, you automatically stick your hand out to break the fall. As a result, the force of impact may stretch the ligaments, leading to a sprain.

A sprain in the wrist is an injury to the ligaments, which attaches the bones to one another inside a joint. Despite the fact that people know that the wrist is a single joint, the wrist actually contains many joints that connect 15 separate bone.

The most common ligament injury in the wrist is the scapholunate ligament, which is situated between two of the small bones in the wrist, the lunate bone, and the scaphoid bone. Other ligaments may also suffer sprains, but they seldom do. There is a wide range of sprain types depending on the severity of the injury. Minor sprains cause minimal stretch to the ligaments while more severe sprains may have complete tears of the ligaments.

For severe sprains, you will know that it’s wrist sprain if there is lack of function and extreme pain.

Wrist sprain grades

Sprains can come in various severities, from just a passing pain to chronic problems that could lead to total immobility. The good news is, a grading system is present to provide a basis for sprain grades.

To know the severity of the wrist sprain, here are the sprain grades:

Grade 1 – This means that there is a wrist sprain but without inflammation and there is just minimal pain

Grade 2 – There is increased pain and a feeling of looseness, this is because of the partially torn ligament

Grade 3 – Completely torn ligament, severe pain, and inflammation

Symptoms

The pain which the person may experience on the wrist may be one of the underlying cause of a specific disease or injury. The location and the type of pain can vary and can help determine what the type of disease is causing the pain is. For instance, a wrist sprain can root from falling down. If there is wrist sprain, here are the common symptoms.

Pain – Pain is the most obvious symptoms since it appears right after an injury.

Swelling and redness can be seen on the wrist of it suffered from an injury or inflammation is taking place on the wrist.

Numbness and tingling sensation on the wrist may be a result of a nerve that is being impeded or damaged due to injury or disease. Sometimes the numbing sensation can be worst during at night.

Difficulty in grasping objects can affect the person especially during at work or in school. A simple holding of a pen can be such a hassle that can be a cause of concern to the person.

Stiffness is felt when the person has a bone disease such as osteoarthritis, overgrowth of a bone in the joints or an injury that is not treated very well may cause limited mobility or eventually stiffness of the joints.

Clicking sound on the wrist upon movement can be heard when the ball joints rub against each other causing the sound, and that pain can accompany it.

The other symptoms include:

  • Persistent pain when the wrist is moved
  • Bruising and discoloration of the skin in the affected wrist
  • Tenderness at the injured part
  • Feverish or warm feeling in the wrist area

Causes

The most common cause of a wrist sprain is a fall. When you slip or fall, the natural instinct is to break the fall by using the first line of defense against gravity – the arm or hands, potentially injuring the wrist.

However, sprains of the wrist can also be caused by other household activities, repetitive movements of the hands, excessive overuse of the body part. Some activities that could contribute to a sprained ankle include lifting objects, cooking, playing racket sports and other exercises.

For athletes, sprains and other injuries on the wrist account for about 3 to 9 percent of all sports injuries. A sprained wrist is commonly seen among people who play basketball, football and baseball.

The treatment of the condition entails the principle of RICE – rest, ice, compression and elevation. These are helpful in preventing inflammation and fastening the healing process.