Ataxia: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment


1. Overview

Ataxia is a condition wherein there are abnormal and uncoordinated movements.
It is described as the lack of muscle control or coordination of voluntary movements including walking, picking up objects and moving around.

The disease is characterized by an unsteady and staggering gait. Many motor activities can be called ataxic if they appear to other people as uncoordinated. Usually, ataxia is a signal of an underlying medical condition that can affect many movements, and even difficulties with eye movements, speech, and swallowing.

When ataxia is not treated, or the underlying cause is not addressed immediately,
it may lead to damage to the part of the brain that is responsible for controlling muscle coordination, which is called the cerebellum.

Ataxia can affect any part of the body and patients can have problems with balance, walking, swallowing, speaking, writing, eating and even seeing.